The main area where we are working is Timal (KAvre District) where there is no electricity. It means people has not opportunities to develop, to create cottage industries, to have a future. Many people is forced to migrate because in the hills there is not chances for a better life, to have children well educated, to receive health assistance, to find job opportunities.We believe to improve education, health and to create opportunities might be a way to avoid social and cultural disintegration.
During 2005 we has several meetings with people of Timal and all together we decide to utilize the chance given by NEA (Nepal Energy Authority) Rural Electrification program to create a local grid in seven VDCs. (Basic Grid Plan is avaible in research page above)
Cooperation & Development Nepal with engineers did a detailed survey of the area and we published a technical project which was presented to the community; lawyers prepared plan by-the- laws and rules to manage the cooperative (called TCRECA)
In this way the Shakty Project started and in 2008 the local grid is under construction.
We mobilized community and we formed a local users cooperative which board members were elected by local groups and trained by Tribhuvan University lawyers.
Local users groups were informed and they were able to collect around Nrs. 3000 each householder (56.000) to deposit the 20% of the cost of the grid building as NEA required.
From middle of 2007 the cooperative is self-managed with support of Karuna INGO and Centro Cooperazione Sviluppo (ONLUS).
But we are proud to be able to mobilize community throughout trusteeship and transparency to initiate this work and we hope it will be well managed.
In January 2007 a big fire destroyed several houses in Thulo Parel VDCs we provided to all families new roofs (picture down)
Development means to enhance the building capacity and human capital of the community in which projects are implemented. It means to involve people in all stages of the project to discuss needs and problems, to find together the means to face them, to analyse the outputs of activities, to modify them in sharing experiences, to assure future sustainibility to the achievements.
This we are doing in our projects on education and health where the community, SMCs and people have been fully involved, by financial point of view too.
The Buffalo Project has been implemented to help the poorest families in the villages. Cooperation & Development Nepal give the amount to buy a buffalo to the SMCs, they choose the family and provide the animal. The beneficiary receive a micro-finance help which has to be reimbursed to the SMC (School Management Commitee) within 16 months, so the cycle go on. Still now more than 21 families has a buffalo.
SMC members received trainings in micro-finance. We decided the project after a community survey in 210 householders (2004) in which emerged:
- 64% of householders had loan from non formal credit institution (money lenders)
- 15% from banks or relatives
- average of loan Nrs. 30.000-
- needs of loan: 39% food integration; 36% children education; 15% seeds and agricultural tools, 12% house building; 12% marriage expenditures; 18% business (People indicate more than an option)
- 26% householders without buffalo-
Micro-finance provided people a capital (buffalo), a source of income (buffalo products) and proteins for children.
This project has been indicated as a sample to European Union by UCODEP in 2006.
In January 2006 we signed a cooperation agreement with Dhulikel Hospital, one of the best managed and community oriented health structure in Nepal. This cooperation is directed to integrate children support activities we are doing in the area.
In Timal some Health Posts should operate and Dhulikel Hospital is managing a Health Center in Bolde Pediche. No activities have been never made to assure basic and structured health controls to children.
With the Hospital we create medical teams and we visited more than 6000 children and around 2000 people. We set laboratory in the villages and we distributed de-worming and vitamins.
We collected many informations (see research page above) and we study actions for water sanitation in some schools where worms are more diffused.
Paediatric camps have been scheduled twice at year to monitor the area and to treat patients. Seven Health Workers (selected in the villages) constatly work with the schools.
During teacher and facilitator trainings we have introduced health and sanitation and, during 2006, we distributed materials and documentations to all schools and ECDs .
The programs are still operating but in a lesser scale; during 2007 dental visits were introduced.
Our idea is to create a sort of insurance system based on community health fund managed by the SMCs which could be utilize for children hospitalization in Dhulikel Hospital. This fund has been implemented in 4 schools.
We believe that our first reference has to be the people where projects are implemented. With them we must share our ideas, together we have to study and implement projects and activities. We must permitted to them to be involved in monitoring and control how the activities have been implemented.
In all activities in the field as well in central office we sought to include people from projects area instead to recruit from other NGO or INGO. This is our rule and methods.
At the same time we developed partnership with other organizations to enlarge our capacities and operational area instead to increase our staff and expenditures. Dhulikel Hospital, Tribhuvan University, Little Flower Society and many other ONGs and technical providers worked with us.
We signed in 2004 an agreement with DEO (District Education Office) in order to coordinate with them our activities and avoiding duplications.
In the beginning of 2008 we were promoter of a national Medical Institutes workshop to coordinate and share community health and schools activities.
The project agreements signed with Centro Cooperazione Sviluppo ONLUS (2005 and 2006) has been not fully implemented by them since 2007 but agreements have been registered in SWC (Social Welfare Council) as Nepali rule.
With national institutions we coordinate our activities and we held Projects Advisor Committees at the end of 2006 in order to evaluate with all stakeholders (partners, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Social Welfare, Department of Education, and others) the implementation of the projects.
Our organization has been audited since the foundation.
Progressively, in 2005 and 2006 we extended our support to secondary schools. We answered to a request coming from people which desired to give better education to their children. Furthermore foreign sponsors give help to children form ECDs to primary and they requested to go on with educational support to them. At the end of 2006 we had 11 teachers sponsored by us (with community contribution) in lower and secondary schools.
We provided text books and other school materials to 321 students to avoid drop out for expenditures which could not be sustained by family.
We organized coaching classes twice at year for more than 127 students to help them in overpass examinations.
During our community meetings, most of the people and teachers requested help to establish the first high secondary school (10+2) in the area to permit local and poorest students to follow studies. Before only few family can afford to support courses in Kathmandu for their children. The new school was inaugurated in december 2006.
We agreed with local stakeholders to assure a quota from underprivileged students and girls throughout sponsorship.
People collected several hundred thousand of rupies to register the school in Ministry of Education and to contribute to the new building. Members of the local committee ask former residents in the villages, now living in Kathmandu or abroad, to contribute to the project.
The day of inauguration a long banner with thousand names of contributors showed the committment of the people. Some of them gave only few rupies other thousands. The implementation of this project (10+2) showed how is possible mobilize people for a common goal and how NGO could help to manage and support community needs. From the middle of 2007, these projects have been cancelled by Centro Cooperazione Sviluppo ONLUS due to the diminishing of funds, they declared to the stakeholders.
During our work we have also discovered than buildings and materials, are not the answer to everything. What is most important for development is commitment at the community level. In most activities in our projects community are deeply involved partecipating in expenditures and works.
It means to work with people and people need to see they have the power to change their lives.
In education we operate to improve the quality of education from ECDs to Secondary Schools.
During the years more than 500 teachers have been trained twice at year in cooperation with Dhulikel Hospital (health) and Tribhuvan University, Faculty of Law (Rule of Law).
But we believe this work is not enough if we will be not able to find out new ways and methods for trainings which must be directed to improve the relation between teachers and pupils in order to make teaching more effective.
During the conflict we were able to improve the capacity of SMCs members organizing educational law trainings for around 350 people.
Periodical Community meetings and auditings are another way to involve people and to contribute in enforcing human capital. At the end of 2006 we published and distributed to all community our magazine Namuna (Example) in nepali.
When we started our work in Timal we want give practical aid to community and children. We decided to distribute twice at year to all children in ECDs and primary schools didactic materials as copy-books, pen and pencils, school-bags, etc.
We believed to support in this way the family to educate children and to sent them to school.
Twice at year we had the opportunities to organize a joyful happening in all community, where people gather and discuss the achievements of the projects.
During the distribution of April (baishak), we held community auditing where the SMC members of each school explained how the use our grants.
UNICEF and ICRC contributed in 2005 giving us tin boxes (vocabulary, dictionaries, teachers books, etc.) and first aid kits.
From the beginning of 2007 this activity has been suspended due to the lack of fund by Centro Cooperazione Sviluppo ONLUS, which through children sponsorship (that we are managing) supported this program.